Unisol: Types of solar energy

The development of solar technology has come a long way, and thanks to these advancements, it is now feasible to produce power by exposing solar panels directly to the sun in India. In solar power harvesting systems, photovoltaic systems or mirrors are utilised to concentrate solar radiation on certain areas. The energy may be stored in thermal storage or batteries, or it can be transformed into electricity and used to power a generator. 

However, the provision of environmentally friendly and clean energy is just one component of the whole equation. It is becoming more challenging to save money on your energy expenditures as a result of the general rise in prices across all markets in India.

Solar power offers a way out of not just the problem of climate change but also the spiralling price of electricity. If you want to learn more about this, keep reading here in Unisol!

Types of solar energy

There are various types of solar energy and knowing the differences between each one can be pretty challenging. Fortunately, we’ve curated a list that can serve as your guide. Learn more about them below:

  1. Solar Photovoltaic plants

Semiconductor materials are used in solar photovoltaic systems so that solar cell systems can effectively absorb sunlight. The warmth generated by the sun’s rays leads the electrons that are contained inside the atoms to go free. The flow of these electrons through the semiconductor materials is what ultimately results in the generation of energy. 

Because of recent developments in technology, solar photovoltaic plants of today can collect and convert into power the majority of the light spectrum that is visible as well as half of the light spectrum that is infrared and half of the light spectrum that is ultraviolet.

  1. Solar Water Heating Systems

The use of solar water heating devices makes it feasible to bring water to a boil. This is the most commonly used in the shallow regions of lakes, ponds, and rivers, as well as other types of bodies of water. 

The design of solar water heating systems consists of two primary components, the first of which is a solar collector, and the second of which is a water storage tank. These collectors are installed on the rooftops of residential buildings. And The water collecting system is connected to the storage tank using many thin water tubes. As the sun’s rays go through the flat-plate collector, the water that is travelling through the tubes is heated. 

  1. Concentrated Solar

The generation of electricity for the grid via the utilisation of large-scale installations of concentrated solar power is known as ‘concentrated solar.’ It does this by using lenses and mirrors to concentrate sunlight coming from a wide area onto a solar receiver. Concentrated solar power is capable of generating enough energy to meet the demand of a quaint little town or a handful of niche businesses.

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